The vegetation of this district is made up of dry forests , almost without interruption , some palm groves, halophytes steppes , edaphic savannas or induced fires and land clearing. The mountains are built largely by species that are characterized by slow growth, have hardwoods and semi and its tannin content . The climax community is the forest of red quebracho ( Schinopsis quebracho- Colorado) and white Quebracho ( aspidosperma quebracho-blanco ), called Quebrachal two quebrachos , set on high, brown soils , maximum development at regional level.
The Ranch/Farm in regional sense, within the geologic province Chacopampeana Plain. It is characterized by the predominance of Quaternary sedimentary net whose sedimentological variations are linked to the alluvial deposits of the rivers.
Soil east of the Province of Salta, originate in wind, river and fluvioaluvionales, from the Andes, especially the mountain ranges of the Province of Salta materials.
The association of soil present in the study area (Nadir - Chafatinos "Soils of NOA") is Campo General Guemes (CGU).
The dominant ground Campo General Guemes is characterized by its moderate development; Profile A, B2, C; medium texture; moderately well drained; moderately acid to moderately alkaline; saline in depth; moderately high content of organic matter; low presence of carbonates in depth; moderately high capacity cation exchange; high saturation percentage basis; slope of 1%; slight erosion.
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